Bryophytes


There are over 750 species of moss and nearly 300 species of liverwort in Britain. Mosses and liverworts are collectively known as bryophytes and are a prominent part of the landscape on Skye.

Mosses
Mosses can be divided into acrocarps which grow upright and pleurocarps which have a prostrate habit.

acrocarps pleurocarps
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Breutelia chrysocoma
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Hylocomium splendens
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Mnium hornum
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Rhytidiadelphus loreus

Liverworts
Liverworts can be divided into leafy liverworts with a stem and leaves and thallose liverworts with no distinct stem or leaves.

thallose liverworts leafy liverworts
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Conocephalum conicum
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Pleurozia purpurea


Major families of acrocarp mosses found on Skye

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ANDREAEALES - Andreaeaceae

POLYTRICHALES - Polytrichaceae
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Pogonatum urnigerum

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Atrichum undulatum

TETRAPHIDALES - Tetraphidaceae

DIPHYSCIALES - Diphysciaceae

ARCHIDIALES - Archidiaceae

DICRANALES - Dicranaceae
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Campylopus introflexus

DICRANALES - Ditrichaceae

DICRANALES - Rhabdoweisiaceae
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Dichodontium palustre

DICRANALES - Fissidentaceae

DICRANALES - Leucobryaceae

POTTIALES - Pottiaceae

GRIMMIALES - Grimmiaceae
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Racomitrium lanuginosum

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Racomitrium fasciculare

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Racomitrium heterostichum

GRIMMIALES - Ptychomitriaceae
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Ptychomitrium polyphyllum

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Ptychomitrium polyphyllum

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Ptychomitrium polyphyllum

SELIGERIALES - Seligeriaceae

ENCALYPTALES - Encalyptaceae

FUNARIALES - Funariaceae

SPLACHNALES - Splachnaceae
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Splachnum ampullaceum

BRYALES - Bryaceae

BRYALES - Mniaceae
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Mnium hornum

BRYALES - Bartramiaceae
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Breutelia chrysocoma

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Philonotis fontana

ORTHOTRICHALES - Orthotrichaceae

ORTHOTRICHALES - Amphiaceae

HEDWIGIALES - Hedwigiaceae

HOOKERIALES - Hookeriaceae

SPHAGNALES - Sphagnaceae


Major families of pleurocarp mosses found on Skye

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HYPNALES - Fontinalaceae

HYPNALES - Hypnaceae

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Orthothecium rufescens

HYPNALES - Leucodontaceae

HYPNALES - Myuriaceae

HYPNALES - Neckeraceae

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Neckera crispa

HYPNALES - Thuidiaceae

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Thuidium tamariscinum

HYPNALES - Amblystegiaceae

HYPNALES - Calliergonaceae

HYPNALES - Campyliaceae

HYPNALES - Lembophyllaceae

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Isothecium myosuroides

HYPNALES - Brachytheciaceae

HYPNALES - Ceratophyllaceae

HYPNALES - Plagiotheciaceae

HYPNALES - Hylocomiaceae

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Hylocomium splendens

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Rhytidiadelphus loreus


Useful links: British Bryological Society field guide
Scottish Natural Heritage