Bryophytes


There are over 750 species of moss and nearly 300 species of liverwort in Britain. Mosses and liverworts are collectively known as bryophytes and are a prominent part of the landscape on Skye.

Mosses
Mosses can be divided into acrocarps which grow upright and pleurocarps which have a prostrate habit.

acrocarps pleurocarps
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Breutelia chrysocoma
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Hylocomium splendens
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Mnium hornum
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Rhytidiadelphus loreus

Liverworts
Liverworts can be divided into leafy liverworts with a stem and leaves and thallose liverworts with no distinct stem or leaves.

thallose liverworts leafy liverworts
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Conocephalum conicum
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Pleurozia purpurea


Major families of acrocarp mosses found on Skye

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ANDREAEALES - Andreaeaceae
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Andreaea rupestris


POLYTRICHALES - Polytrichaceae
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Pogonatum urnigerum

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Atrichum undulatum


TETRAPHIDALES - Tetraphidaceae


DIPHYSCIALES - Diphysciaceae


ARCHIDIALES - Archidiaceae


DICRANALES - Dicranaceae
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Campylopus introflexus

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Dicranum scoparium


DICRANALES - Ditrichaceae
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Ditrichum gracile


DICRANALES - Rhabdoweisiaceae
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Dichodontium palustre

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Dichodontium pellucidum


DICRANALES - Fissidentaceae
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Fissidens taxifolius

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Fissidens taxifolius

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Fissidens taxifolius


DICRANALES - Leucobryaceae


POTTIALES - Pottiaceae
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Tortella tortuosa


GRIMMIALES - Grimmiaceae
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Racomitrium lanuginosum

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Racomitrium fasciculare

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Racomitrium heterostichum


GRIMMIALES - Ptychomitriaceae
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Ptychomitrium polyphyllum

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Ptychomitrium polyphyllum

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Ptychomitrium polyphyllum


SELIGERIALES - Seligeriaceae


ENCALYPTALES - Encalyptaceae


FUNARIALES - Funariaceae


SPLACHNALES - Splachnaceae
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Splachnum ampullaceum


BRYALES - Bryaceae


BRYALES - Mniaceae
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Mnium hornum


BRYALES - Bartramiaceae
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Breutelia chrysocoma

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Philonotis fontana


ORTHOTRICHALES - Orthotrichaceae


ORTHOTRICHALES - Amphiaceae


HEDWIGIALES - Hedwigiaceae


HOOKERIALES - Hookeriaceae


SPHAGNALES - Sphagnaceae


Major families of pleurocarp mosses found on Skye

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HYPNALES - Entodontaceae

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Pseudoscleropodium purum

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Pseudoscleropodium purum


HYPNALES - Fontinalaceae


HYPNALES - Hypnaceae

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Ctenidium molluscum

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Orthothecium rufescens

HYPNALES - Hypnaceae

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Hypnum jutlandicum

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Hypnum jutlandicum


HYPNALES - Leucodontaceae


HYPNALES - Myuriaceae


HYPNALES - Neckeraceae

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Neckera crispa


HYPNALES - Thuidiaceae

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Thuidium tamariscinum


HYPNALES - Amblystegiaceae


HYPNALES - Calliergonaceae

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Calliergonella cuspidata

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Calliergonella cuspidata


HYPNALES - Campyliaceae


HYPNALES - Lembophyllaceae

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Isothecium myosuroides


HYPNALES - Brachytheciaceae

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Cirriphyllum piliferum

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Cirriphyllum piliferum

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Eurhynchium striatum


HYPNALES - Ceratophyllaceae


HYPNALES - Plagiotheciaceae


HYPNALES - Hylocomiaceae

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Hylocomium splendens

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Rhytidiadelphus triquetrus

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Rhytidiadelphus loreus

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Rhytidiadelphus squarrosus


Useful links: British Bryological Society field guide
Scottish Natural Heritage